“The Stresa Pact was more important than the Hoare-Laval Pact in preventing the LON from stopping Mussolini’s invasion of Abyssinia” How far do you agree?
When Mussolini invaded Abyssinia in Dec. 1935, the league asked Britain and France to put sanctions on Italy. However, they want make sure Mussolini was standing on their side, so they want to appease Mussolini. While the sanction was still in discussion, the British and French Foregin Minister Hoare and Laval had a plan. They want give Mussolini two thirds of Abyssinia in return of calling of his invasion. However, Britain and France thought it was a blatant act of treachery against the league. So, both Hoare and Laval were sacked.
Britain and France worried that Italy will join with allies so they signed a pact with Italy. Britain and France won’t put sanctions on Italy as long as Italy keep together with Britain and France.
Trading sanctions were very important to the LON(League of Nation) and at that time, prople were discussing about stop the oil trading(this’s a very important one). This pact made the question about whether to ban oil sales was further delayed. Until Feb. 1936, the league concluded if they did stop sale oil to Italy, Italians’ supplies would be exhausted in 2 months even if USA keep salling oil to Italy. But Italy already taken a large part of Abyssinia. It’s too late :( (actually, B&F put some santions on Italy but not so important.)
This pact also made USA disgusted with Britain and France even more because of their dithering before. So it was support the League’s sanction less than before. This means, USA actually traded more with Italy.
However, the Stresa Pact pact made Britain and France was afraid to put some sanction on Italy.Because they didn’t wanted Italy to join the allies. They wanted to keep Italy in their side to against Hitler. So in this case, Stresa pact actually caused the Hoare-Laval pact.
The two pact made league watched helpless. It seems can’t solve any a bit big problems. The collection security seems a empty promise. People won’t ask LON for help if their is a disput. The League of Nation failed, and Mussolini signed an agreement with Hitler in Nov. 1936, of their own called the Rome-Berlin Axis :(
And, what’s your opinion?
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